God’s divine Sovereignty is timeless and perfect. Sovereignty is defined as “supreme power or authority; freedom from external control; autonomy.” God exists. He has always existed and He always will. God does not need people to recognize His authority to have it. God is both divine (that is holy or God) and Sovereign. He is the ultimate supreme power. He was never created, and no being rules above God.These are heady concepts that are many times difficult for humans to understand.
1) God’s rule is timeless
God’s diving Sovereignty is timeless. Because God, unlike man, is not bound by time and space, it makes His rulership difficult to grasp. God created time, but He created it in seasons and moments. The Bible calls time, as God uses it, kairos — meaning presence and indicates the moment. Whereas, man tracks time in chronos (or chronology) — days, weeks, minutes, seconds, etc. Chronos is linear and can be measured in quantity. However, kairos is a measure of quality, enjoyment for the moment or the season.
God is eternal, His rule and reign never end. Psalm 90:2 states, “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever You had formed the Earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting You are God.” (ESV) And further, 1 Timothy 6:15-16 records, “For at just the right time Christ will be revealed from Heaven by the blessed and only almighty God, the King of all kings and Lord of all lords. He alone can never die, and He lives in light so brilliant that no human can approach Him. No human eye has ever seen Him…all honor and power to Him forever! Amen.”
As you can see in the example of the Cathedral of Milan, there is great joy in things that are eternal. At the cathedral, there are three gates. One has an inscription in marble under a flower bouquet that says, “The things that please are temporary.” Over the second gate, there is a cross with this wording: “The things that disturb us are temporary.” Finally, over the middle gate, there is an inscription saying, “Eternal are the important ones.” Eternity is important. God’s reign will go on forever. He invites us into His Kingdom today, here on Earth, but also in Heaven one day, for eternity.
2) God’s divine Sovereignty is perfect
God’s divine Sovereignty is timeless and perfect. God makes and keeps promises. The Bible is full of promises to mankind. Although God never had to make any promises, He chooses to communicate to His people through promises. Further, God’s rule is perfect because He is sinless. 2 Corinthians 5:21 says, “For God made Christ, who never sinned, to be the offering for our sin, so that we could be made right with God through Christ.” (NLT).
God’s rule is perfect — He is full of compassion, grace, mercy, and justice. Isaiah 30:18 states, “Therefore the Lord waits to be gracious to you, and therefore He exalts Himself to show mercy to you. For the Lord is a God of justice; blessed are all those who wait for Him.” (ESV) God punishes those whom He choses to punish, but rewards those who follow Him to the thousandth generation. Exodus 20:5b-6 — “I lay the sins of the parents upon their children; the entire family is affected — even children in the third and fourth generations of those who reject Me. But I lavish unfailing love for a thousand generations on those who love Me and obey My commands.” As Sovereign, God gets to make all the rules. However, because we have free will, we can choose to keep God’s rules or break them.
Free will and God’s Sovereignty works like this…have you ever bought new software, or downloaded an app? When you buy software, which you own, you still have to sign a “user agreement” saying that you agree to the developers terms and conditions. We do this all the time, often without even reading the agreement to which we just agreed. Consequently, the app developer gets to determine how the app can be used. In the same way, God sets the rules, and if we agree to follow Him, we agree to abide by the boundaries He has established.